presume [prē zo͞om′, prēzyo͞om′, prizo͞om′, prizyo͞om′]
presumed, presuming [ME presumen < OFr presumer < L praesumere < prae-, before (see PRE-) + sumere, to take: see CONSUME]
1. to take upon oneself without permission or authority; dare (to say or do something); venture
2. to take for granted; accept as true, lacking proof to the contrary; suppose
3. to constitute reasonable evidence for supposing [a signed invoice presumes receipt of goods]
1. to act presumptuously; take liberties
2. to rely too much (on or upon), as in taking liberties [to presume on another's friendship]
3. to take something for granted
presumedly [prē zo͞om′id lē, prē zyo͞om′id lē, pri zo͞om′id lē, pri zyo͞om′id lē]
SYN.- PRESUME implies a taking something for granted or accepting it as true, usually on the basis of probable evidence in its favor and the absence of proof to the contrary [the man is presumed to be of sound mind ]; PRESUPPOSE is the broadest term here, sometimes suggesting a taking something for granted unjustifiably [this writer presupposes a too extensive vocabulary in children ] and, in another sense, implying that something is required as a preceding condition [brilliant technique in piano playing presupposes years of practice ]; ASSUME implies the supposition of something as the basis for argument or action [let us assume his motives were good ]; POSTULATE implies the assumption of something as an underlying factor, often one that is incapable of proof [his argument postulates the inherent goodness of man ]; PREMISE implies the setting forth of a proposition on which a conclusion can be based

English World dictionary. . 2014.


См. также в других словарях:

  • présumé — présumé, ée [ prezyme ] adj. • 1835; de présumer ♦ Que l on croit tel par hypothèse. ⇒ supposé. Son fils présumé. ⇒ putatif. Ses intentions présumées. Présumé innocent. Innocent ou présumé tel. présumé, ée adj. Cru par supposition, censé, réputé …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • presume — pre·sume /pri züm/ vt pre·sumed, pre·sum·ing: to suppose to be true without proof or before inquiry: accept as a presumption must presume the defendant is innocent Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Presume — Pre*sume , v. i. 1. To suppose or assume something to be, or to be true, on grounds deemed valid, though not amounting to proof; to believe by anticipation; to infer; as, we may presume too far. [1913 Webster] 2. To venture, go, or act, by an… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • présumé — présumé, mée (pré zu mé, mée) part. passé de présumer. 1°   Jugé vraisemblable. •   Une grâce, ainsi que tout autre don, n est légitime qu avec le consentement, du moins présumé, de celui qui la reçoit, J. J. ROUSS. 1er dial.. 2°   Censé, réputé …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Presume — Pre*sume , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Presumed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Presuming}.] [F. pr[ e]sumer, L. praesumere, praesumptum; prae before + sumere to take. See {Assume}, {Redeem}.] 1. To assume or take beforehand; esp., to do or undertake without leave… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • presume — [v1] make assumption; believe assume, bank on*, be afraid, conclude, conjecture, consider, count on, depend, figure, gather, guess, infer, jump the gun*, posit, postulate, predicate, premise, presuppose, pretend, rely, speculate, suppose, surmise …   New thesaurus

  • presume — ► VERB 1) suppose that something is probably the case. 2) take for granted. 2) be arrogant enough to do something. 4) (presume on/upon) unjustifiably regard (something) as entitling one to privileges. DERIVATIVES presumable adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • presume on — index accroach Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • presume — (v.) late 14c., to take upon oneself, to take liberty, also to take for granted, presuppose, especially overconfidently, from O.Fr. presumer (12c.), from L. praesumere (see PRESUMPTION (Cf. presumption)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • presume — *presuppose, postulate, premise, posit, assume Analogous words: surmise, Conjecture: deduce, *infer, judge, gather, conclude …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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